Periodontal disease is a group of inflammatory diseases of the tissues surrounding a tooth.
The main source of infection in the periapical tissues are the products of microorganisms in the root canals of the tooth. Depending on the type of infection and the body’s immune response, the strength of the pain response and the degree of involvement of the surrounding tissues.
All persons with long term severe cavities or painful teeth
Factors affecting the development of periodontal disease
Long-term untreated teeth
poorly filled root canals
Teeth that have not been permanently restored after endodontic treatment
poor oral hygiene
High-carbohydrate type of diet;
Gum disease (periodontitis);
Symptoms of periodontal disease
Pain when biting on the affected tooth;
Feeling of a “grown tooth”;
Swelling of the soft tissues (gums) in the area of the affected tooth;
abnormal mobility of the affected tooth;
The most alarming signal is BULLS. Therefore, it is very important to see a general dentist as soon as possible. The pain is usually aching, medium to severe in intensity. The affected tooth is painful to bite on. The soft tissues near the affected tooth may swell and swelling appears. The patient feels a headache, weakness.
It is worth remembering that in some cases, periodontitis may be the cause of severe complications, such as phlegmon. That is why regular check-ups with a dentist as part of a medical examination will help to identify the affected tooth and prevent the harmful effects of the focus of infection on the body.
Additional diagnostic methods are needed to confirm the diagnosis and clarify the severity of the disease:
comparative percussion of the teeth
palpation of soft tissues (gums) in the affected tooth area
probing periodontal pockets