Periodontal disease

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CME

General Description
Periodontal disease is a group of inflammatory diseases of the tissues surrounding a tooth.

The main source of infection in the periapical tissues are the products of microorganisms in the root canals of the tooth. Depending on the type of infection and the body’s immune response, the strength of the pain response and the degree of involvement of the surrounding tissues.

At risk
All persons with long term severe cavities or painful teeth

Factors affecting the development of periodontal disease
Long-term untreated teeth
poorly filled root canals
Teeth that have not been permanently restored after endodontic treatment
poor oral hygiene
High-carbohydrate type of diet;
Gum disease (periodontitis);
dental trauma;
smoking;
stressful situations.
Symptoms of periodontal disease
Pain when biting on the affected tooth;
Feeling of a “grown tooth”;
Swelling of the soft tissues (gums) in the area of the affected tooth;
abnormal mobility of the affected tooth;
headache;
weakness.
The most alarming signal is BULLS. Therefore, it is very important to see a general dentist as soon as possible. The pain is usually aching, medium to severe in intensity. The affected tooth is painful to bite on. The soft tissues near the affected tooth may swell and swelling appears. The patient feels a headache, weakness.

It is worth remembering that in some cases, periodontitis may be the cause of severe complications, such as phlegmon. That is why regular check-ups with a dentist as part of a medical examination will help to identify the affected tooth and prevent the harmful effects of the focus of infection on the body.

Diagnosis
Additional diagnostic methods are needed to confirm the diagnosis and clarify the severity of the disease:

X-ray diagnosis
comparative percussion of the teeth
visual examination
temperature test
palpation of soft tissues (gums) in the affected tooth area
probing periodontal pockets