Atherosclerosis of the heart vessels (coronary atherosclerosis) is a chronic pathology that develops when cholesterol plaques form on the walls of coronary arteries. Cholesterol plaques appear due to disturbed lipid (fat) metabolism. The artery wall thickens, elasticity is lost, the vessel deforms with narrowing of its inner lumen, which prevents normal blood flow to the heart. If the lumen of the vessel is completely blocked by plaque, some of the cells die off and an acute myocardial infarction occurs.
Causes of causes
There is no single opinion on the causes of atherosclerosis of the heart vessels in modern medicine. There are a number of indirect causes that influence the development of the pathology:
Increased cholesterol levels in the blood due to improper diet;
Overweight and obesity;
diseases of the heart and cardiovascular system;
unfavorable psychological environment;
use of tobacco, alcohol, and drugs.
Symptoms of atherosclerosis of the heart vessels
At the initial stage, the disease is asymptomatic. As the pathology progresses, when the atherosclerotic plaque overlaps the vessel, the patient feels pain in the chest, especially against the background of physical or emotional exertion, and may also note
high blood pressure;
pain in the chest;
shortness of breath;
Important to know: complete blockage of one of the heart arteries leads to myocardial infarction. Symptoms: pressing, prolonged pain in the chest or behind the sternum, radiating to the left shoulder, jaw, arm. It may be accompanied by shortness of breath and profuse sweating.
There is no need to wait for symptoms to manifest. Make an appointment with a specialist at the FNKC FMBA Cardiology Center and undergo one of the heart examination programs.
Diagnosis of atherosclerosis of the heart vessels begins with a physical examination and collection of medical history. The doctor measures the blood pressure and listens to the heart. In the presence of symptoms and detection of murmurs in the heart, the patient is referred for a more detailed examination. It includes:
Expanded biochemical blood test – important to determine the level of cholesterol in the blood;
Ultrasound of the heart;
Prevention of atherosclerosis of the heart vessels
Preventive measures should be taken after the disease and to prevent its occurrence. The main recommendations of doctors are:
Proper diet and compliance with the diet – exclude fatty foods from the diet, include seafood in the menu more often. It is better to cook steamed, boiled or baked. Eat often, but little by little;
Moderate physical activity – walking is useful, morning exercises;
control of body weight;
A positive psycho-emotional environment – avoid stress and moral turmoil;
avoid smoking and alcohol abuse.
Don’t forget to follow your doctor’s recommendations and undergo timely diagnosis of heart disease.